1. What is the largest Stadium in the World?
Stadium size is based on capacity. This can vary based on seating configurations and use of temporary stands. The current list is:
- Pyongyang, North Korea Rungrado Stadium 150,000
- Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA Michigan Stadium 107,601
- State College, Pennsylvania, USA Beaver College 106,572
- Columbus, Ohio, USA Ohio Stadium 104,944
- College Station, Texas, USA Kyle Field 103,733
Due to changing seating configurations, some stadiums have reduced in size over the years. For example, the MCG in Melbourne, Australia, was able to hold a crowd of over 120,000 in 1970, but now has a maximum capacity of 100,024.
2. How long does it take to build a stadium?
The time it takes to build a stadium varies considerably based on factors such as the health and safety regulations of the country. In most countries, the shortest time that it could take to build a stadium would be slightly over two years (26 months). Some have been built in less time than this, but it would be more common to take up to 3 ½ years to complete a stadium.
3. What is the most expensive stadium built?
The cost of building a stadium will vary based on the country, and the type of material used. The MetLife Stadium, home of the New York Jets and Giants, was completed in 2010 for $1.6 billion.
4. What is the average lifespan of a stadium?
Some stadiums have survived (with renovations) for up to 80 years. Examples include Wembley (1923-2002) and Olympiastadion (1935 – current, with major renovations). Historically, stadiums were often replaced after about 50 years. The average age of stadiums to be replaced is 31 years.
The median age of the stadiums replaced was only 31 years.
5. What does the Olympics require for the stadiums?
Many cities that host the Olympic Games build or renovate stadiums to host the opening and closing ceremonies. The stadium is also used for track and field events. Many of these stadiums use the phrase ‘Olympic Stadium’ in their name.
The Summer Olympics have been held at 60 different venues. After the Olympics are over, the stadiums have been used for a variety of purposes including other multi-sport events such as Athletics World Championships and regional ‘Games’ (such as Pan American or Asian Games), Football (events such as the FIFA World Cup), Major League Baseball, American Football, Rugby, and Cricket.
The Winter Olympics have used figure skating venues as the focus for opening and closing ceremonies. These venues have also used the title ‘Olympic Stadium’.
6. What are the FIFA stadium requirements?
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) has specific requirements for stadiums that host World Cup matches. Depending on the status of the match, capacity is a significant factor. For a stadium to be eligible to host a final, it must have a capacity of at least 80,000. Semi-finals matches can only be held in stadiums that have a capacity of at least 60,000, while other group matches must be able to hold at least 40,000 people.
The number of teams competing in the men’s FIFA World Cup has increased. The inaugural world cup was held in Uruguay, and only had 13 participating teams. There are now 32 teams that compete. Despite this, the number of stadiums required per event has been reasonably static, with an average of 9-12 venues used per World Cup event. The most venues used was in the 2002 World Cup, hosted by Korea and Japan, when 20 venues were used.